A winery is a place where winemaker to produce various wines from grapes by following the winemaking process. This process involves the fermentation of fruit, as well as blending and aging of the grape juice. The grape fruits may be from vineyards owned by the winery or may be brought in from other locations. Besides winemaking equipment, wineries may also feature warehouses and expanses tank farm. The oldest winery in the world found to date is a 6,000 years old winery in the Areni region of Armenia, which is still a wine making region today. Many wineries also give tours and have cellar doors or tasting rooms where customers can taste wines before they make a purchase. Winery architecture is very varied and rich, which is an X factor to promote wines and cellar door.



Winemaker is the key person engaged in making wine. A winemaker’s daily job often includes: cooperating with viticulturists, monitoring the maturity of grapes to ensure their quality and to determine the correct time for harvest, crushing and pressing wine grapes, monitoring the settling of the juice and fermentation of grape material, filtering the wine to remove the remain solids, testing the wine quality by tasting, blending and fining wine, placing filtered wine in oaks barrel or tanks for maturation and storage, preparing plans for bottling once the wine has matured, make sure the quality is remaining when the wine is bottled, monitoring bottled wine aging storage and many more.



Winemaking or vinification is the production of wine, starting with selection of grapes through fermentation and maturation ending with bottling the finishing wine. Winemaking can divided into two streams: still wine production without carbonation and sparkling wine production with natural or inject carbonation. Standard winery process include wine grape harvesting and destemming, crushing and primary fermentation, cold and heat stabilizing, secondary fermentation, laboratory testing, blending and fining, bulk preservatives, filtration, bottling and cellar aging. Winery usually has its own house style of winemaking.


Wine Cellar

A wine cellar is a storage space for bottles or barrels. Traditionally passive wine cellar is not climate-controlled, but usually builds underground to reduce temperature swings. A modern active wine cellar, important factors such as temperature and humidity are maintained by climate control air-conditioning system. Wine can be stored satisfactorily between 7-18°C as long as any variations are gradual the wine will age normally. A temperature of 13°C, much like that found in the caves used to store wine in France, is ideals for both short-term storage and long-term storage of wine, because that wine generally mature differently and more slowly at a lower temperature than it does at a higher temperature. When the temperature swings are significant, 14 degrees or more, it will course the wine to breathe through the cork which significantly speeds up the aging process.


Cellar Door

Cellar Door offers tastings of wines, guided by knowledgeable hosts who share winemaker’s love of hospitality, food and wine. There is always something special about walking through old wooden doorframes into dimly lit cellar doors, see relics of the early winemaking days, and breathe in the beautifully musty smells of wine barrels soaked with dark red wine. Each winery, like the wine, has its own character. The heart of Cellar Door usually is the old stone winery building dating back to the 1880’s. The building has been extensively renovated and architectural extended, with old and new blended seamlessly by stonework, creating a modern hospitality facility within a living history of winemaking.


Wine Tasting

Wine tasting is the sensory examination and evaluation of wine. A professional sommelier uses a constantly evolving formal terminology which is used to describe the range of perceived flavors, aromas and general characteristics of a wine. More informal, recreational tasting may use similar terminology, usually involving a much less analytical process for a more general, personal appreciation. In order to establish the properties of a wine such as complexity, character, potential, and possible faults, four recognized stages of wine tasting applied which are appearance, "in glass" the aroma of the wine, "in mouth" sensations, and "finish" aftertaste. Whereas wines are regularly tasted in isolation, a wine's quality assessment is more objective when performed alongside several other wines. A tasting note refers to a taster's written testimony about the aroma, taste identification, acidity, structure, texture, and balance of a wine.

Unit 8 28 Rutland Rd, Box Hill
Victoria 3128 Australia

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